Installing Orchard CMS with LEMP Stack on AlmaLinux 8

Hello,

In this week’s feature highlight, we look at How to Install Orchard CMS with LEMP Stack on AlmaLinux 8

Orchard Core is an open-source modular and multi-tenant application framework built with ASP.NET Core, and a content management system (CMS) built on top of that framework. In this article, we are going to learn how to install Orchard CMS on AlmaLinux 8. So, let’s get started.

Checkout the Orchard CMS Project Here.

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Pre-requisites :

  • A system with AlmaLinux 8 installed and running.
  • root access to the system.
  • Docker installed and running, for this, you can refer to one of our guides on installing the Docker on AlmaLinux 8.
  • LEMP Stack installed and running, for this, you can refer to one of our guides on installing the LEMP Stack (Nginx, MariaDB, and PHP).

Once you’re all set, we’ll proceed with Orchard CMS installation and configuration.

Create Database

Let us begin with creating a Database and a user. We will then grant the required privileges to the user so it can interact with the Database.

mysql -u root

CREATE DATABASE ccorchard;

CREATE USER 'ccorchard'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'UYGVc%$#Erfgt*&^%4';

GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON ccorchard.* TO 'ccorchard'@'localhost';

FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

quit

The above commands will give complete access to ccorchard Database to the user ccorchard.We would suggest using a strong and long password.

Configure PHP Settings for Orchard CMS

Configure PHP Memory Limit, Post max size, and Upload max filesize. You can change the limit as per your need.

sed -i 's/memory_limit = .*/memory_limit = 256M/' /etc/php/7.4/apache2/php.ini

sed -i 's/post_max_size = .*/post_max_size = 64M/' /etc/php/7.4/apache2/php.ini

sed -i 's/upload_max_filesize = .*/upload_max_filesize = 64M/' /etc/php/7.4/apache2/php.ini

Enable Apache module if not already enabled then restart the Web Server.

a2enmod php7.4

systemctl restart apache2

Install Let’s Encrypt SSL Certificate

Let’s issue an SSL certificate for the domain. For this, we will need the EPEL repository and the mod_ssl package on AlmaLinux 8 operating system.

Update and install EPEL repository and the mod_ssl package on the system using the below command:

dnf install epel-release mod_ssl -y

Next, we will install the certbot client which is used to create Let’s Encrypt certificates:

dnf install python3-certbot-nginx -y

Install SSL Certificate

Use the certbot command to issue a Let’s Encrypt certificate. Replace dev1.domainhere.info and dev@dev1.domainhere.info with your domain name and email :

certbot --nginx --agree-tos --redirect --hsts --staple-ocsp --email dev@dev1.domainhere.info -d dev1.domainhere.info

SSL certificates are valid for 90 days. The renewal process is now automated, you do not have to renew this manually.

Configuring Nginx Reverse Proxy

Let’s configure nginx.conf with the following command:

nano /etc/nginx/nginx.conf

Copy below code to nginx.conf file.

# For more information on configuration, see:
#   * Official English Documentation: http://nginx.org/en/docs/
#   * Official Russian Documentation: http://nginx.org/ru/docs/

user nginx;
worker_processes auto;
error_log /var/log/nginx/error.log;
pid /run/nginx.pid;

# Load dynamic modules. See /usr/share/doc/nginx/README.dynamic.
include /usr/share/nginx/modules/*.conf;

events {
    worker_connections 1024;
}

http {
    log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                  '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                  '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';

    access_log  /var/log/nginx/access.log  main;

    sendfile            on;
    tcp_nopush          on;
    tcp_nodelay         on;
    keepalive_timeout   65;
    types_hash_max_size 2048;

    include             /etc/nginx/mime.types;
    default_type        application/octet-stream;

    # Load modular configuration files from the /etc/nginx/conf.d directory.
    # See http://nginx.org/en/docs/ngx_core_module.html#include
    # for more information.
    include /etc/nginx/conf.d/*.conf;
}

Now, type in Ctrl+O and type Ctrl+X to save and exit the file.

Create a new Nginx configuration file dev1.conf for the domain with the following command:

vi /etc/nginx/conf.d/dev1.conf

Add the following codes:

Replace dev1.domainhere.info with Your Domain Name and Change SSL Path according to your SSL Path.

upstream app {
    server 127.0.0.1:8080;
}

server {
listen 80 default_server;
server_name dev1.domainhere.info;
return 301 https://$server_name$request_uri;
}

server {
    listen 443 ssl; # managed by Certbot
    # The host name to respond to
    server_name dev3.domainhere.info;

    ssl_certificate /etc/letsencrypt/live/dev1.domainhere.info/fullchain.pem; # managed by Certbot
    ssl_certificate_key /etc/letsencrypt/live/dev1.domainhere.info/privkey.pem; # managed by Certbot
    include /etc/letsencrypt/options-ssl-nginx.conf; # managed by Certbot
    ssl_dhparam /etc/letsencrypt/ssl-dhparams.pem; # managed by Certbot

    location / {
    proxy_pass http://app;
    proxy_set_header X-Real-IP  $remote_addr;
    proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $remote_addr;
    proxy_set_header Host $host;
    proxy_set_header X-Real-Port $server_port;
    proxy_set_header X-Real-Scheme $scheme;
    }
}

Now, press the Esc key, and type in :wq! and press the Enter key to save and exit the file.

Now, restart & check the Nginx with the following commands:

systemctl restart nginx

systemctl status nginx

Enable http and https ( 80/443/8080 ):

To enable http and https connection through the firewall, follow the commands:

firewall-cmd --zone=public --permanent --add-port 8080/tcp

firewall-cmd --zone=public --permanent --add-port 80/tcp

firewall-cmd --zone=public --permanent --add-port 443/tcp

firewall-cmd --reload

Install Orchard CMS using Docker

Let’s install Orchard CMS using below command:

docker run --name orchardcms -p 8080:80 orchardproject/orchardcore-cms-linux:latest

Configuring Orchard CMS

Now open the IP address from your browser, this will redirect you to configuring the final parts of the Orchard CMS installation.

http://dev1.domainhere.info:8080

Replace the dev1.domainhere.info with the actual IP or domain configured on the server.

Input the Database details which was configured earlier. Follow the below steps:

Now you have successfully installed Orchard CMS with LEMP Stack on AlmaLinux 8.

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