In this week’s feature highlight, we look at How to Install Gogs Git on Ubuntu 22.10
This tutorial will walk you through the steps necessary to install the Gogs self-hosted Git service on an Ubuntu 22.10 server. The Gogs project, written in Go, aims to create a simple, stable, and extensible self-hosted Git service with a simple setup process.
Gogs performs admirably and is extremely light. It uses very little RAM and CPU power.
Checkout the Gogs Project at https://gogs.io/ for more information.
- Full SSH root access or a user with sudo privileges is required.
- Gogs supports the following databases.
First, check for any pending system upgrade
Let’s update software packages first. To perform updates, run the following command:
apt update apt upgrade
Install MariaDB Database Server
Use the below command to install MariaDB.
apt install mariadb-server mariadb-client
Check the status of MariaDB service.
root@crown~# systemctl status mariadb ● mariadb.service - MariaDB 10.6.9 database server Loaded: loaded (/lib/systemd/system/mariadb.service; enabled; preset: enab> Active: active (running) since Sat 2022-11-19 17:44:57 UTC; 8s ago Docs: man:mariadbd(8) https://mariadb.com/kb/en/library/systemd/ Process: 1808 ExecStartPre=/usr/bin/install -m 755 -o mysql -g root -d /var> Process: 1811 ExecStartPre=/bin/sh -c systemctl unset-environment _WSREP_ST> Process: 1818 ExecStartPre=/bin/sh -c [ ! -e /usr/bin/galera_recovery ] && > Process: 1876 ExecStartPost=/bin/sh -c systemctl unset-environment _WSREP_S> Process: 1878 ExecStartPost=/etc/mysql/debian-start (code=exited, status=0/> Main PID: 1862 (mariadbd) Status: "Taking your SQL requests now..." Tasks: 15 (limit: 2227) Memory: 61.6M CPU: 418ms CGroup: /system.slice/mariadb.service └─1862 /usr/sbin/mariadbd
Secure the MariaDB Installation with the below command,
Enter current password for root (enter for none): OK, successfully used password, moving on... Setting the root password ensures that nobody can log into the MariaDB root user without the proper authorisation. Set root password? [Y/n] y New password: Re-enter new password: Password updated successfully! Reloading privilege tables.. ... Success!
Login to MariaDB as
mariadb -u root -p
Enable global variables as shown below,
SET GLOBAL innodb_file_per_table = ON;
Create a database called
gogs which will be used for this project,
CREATE DATABASE IF NOT EXISTS gogs CHARACTER SET utf8mb4 COLLATE utf8mb4_general_ci;
Create a user and grant all the privileges of the gogs database,
GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON gogs.* TO 'gogs'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY "StrongPassword";
Replace “StrongPassword” with an actual password that is long and strong.
FLUSH PRIVILEGES; EXIT
Download and Install
Gogs from GitHub
curl to download the
Gogs file from their official github repository.
curl -s https://api.github.com/repos/gogs/gogs/releases/latest | grep browser_download_url | grep '\linux_amd64.tar.gz' | cut -d '"' -f 4 | wget -i -
Un-tar the downloaded
tar xvf gogs_*_linux_amd64.tar.gz
Create a new user called
Create a dedicated logs directory for it’s user,
Permit created directory access to the added user,
chown -R git:git /var/log/gogs/
gogs systemd service file to the system directory at
cp gogs/scripts/systemd/gogs.service /etc/systemd/system
Create a configuration file for
If you want to make use of a different port to host Gogs, refer below.
You can use any other port you want to, this is to keep the site a bit safer.
ExecStart=/home/git/gogs web port, you can set a custom port such as 3001
ExecStart=/home/git/gogs/gogs web -port 3001
Move the Gogs binary file to
mv gogs /home/git/
Change the permission of the site directory.
chown -R git:git /home/git/
To start the
systemctl daemon-reload systemctl start gogs
Enable Gogs service to run on boot and check the Status,
systemctl enable gogs systemctl status gogs
root@crown:~# systemctl status gogs ● gogs.service - Gogs Loaded: loaded (/etc/systemd/system/gogs.service; enabled; preset: enabled) Active: active (running) since Sat 2022-11-19 17:51:21 UTC; 10s ago Main PID: 3281 (gogs) Tasks: 6 (limit: 2227) Memory: 34.5M CPU: 271ms CGroup: /system.slice/gogs.service └─3281 /home/git/gogs/gogs web -port 3001
Navigate to your browser and load the server’s IP address or the domain name with
http://server-ip-address:3001 and you will see the
Gogs installation screen.
In Database Settings we’ll first enter the Database information that was created earlier.
Next, In Application General Settings
- Application Name – enter the Project name of your choice.
- Run User – will be the new user that was added earlier,
- Domain – enter the Domain name that should be associated with the application. If you do not have any domain, use
- Application URL – enter the IP address of the server or the Domain name with the port to be used. Do not use localhost in Application URL.
- Log Path – enter the directory path that was created earlier,
In Optional Settings,
- Enable or Disable the required settings that goes with your application usage.
- Create an Admin Account which you will be using as first user with Admin privileges.
Now click on Install Gogs button to start the installation. Once the installation is complete, you will be redirected to login screen.
Login with the Admin user that was just created in the last step.
This concludes the Installation and Gogs on Ubuntu 22.10